HDB BTO eligibility and resale HDB flat criteria are things that pop up when the topic of housing and homeownership comes up in Singapore. When it comes to housing, most of us will immediately think of HDB flats – the ubiquitous public housing blocks that 3.04 million Singapore residents (or almost eight in 10 residents) live in.
And to qualify for these HDB flats, individuals must meet eligibility criteria requirements and other regulations set by the Singapore government, which are in place to ensure that these flats go to those who need them most.
HDB flats come in a variety of configurations to cater to the needs and requirements of citizens. These range from 2-room Flexi units popular among the elderly and for those applying the HDB Single Singapore Citizen Scheme, more commonly known as the “HDB Single Scheme”, to larger 5-room units and executive apartments. Then, there are also 3-Gen units and jumbo flats, which cater to multi-generational families who live together.
Read on to learn more about HDB BTO eligibility and resale flat criteria.
New HDB BTO Eligibility and Resale Flat Criteria in 2022
HDB flats are, first and foremost, subsidised public housing meant for Singaporean Citizens, so not everyone is eligible to buy one. There are multiple eligibility criteria that need to be met beforehand.
HDB BTO Eligibility Check: General Eligibility Criteria
|Eligible applicant/ Family nucleus||You qualify for at least one of the following schemes: Public Scheme, Fiancé/Fiancée Scheme, Orphans Scheme|
|Citizenship||At least 1 of the applicants for the flat must be a Singapore Citizen, and at least 1 other is a Singapore Citizen or Permanent Resident (PR)|
|Age||At least 21 years old (widowed or orphaned) or 35 (unmarried or divorced)|
|Income ceiling||You are within the income ceiling of the flat you want to purchase|
If you are still feeling unsure, visit HDB’s website for the ultimate BTO eligibility check.
But if you’re buying a resale flat, there is no limitation on property ownership, and previously owned properties have to be sold/disposed of within 6 months of your purchase. For resale flats, there is also no income ceiling you have to abide by.
If you’re thinking of how to own an HDB flat and condo apartment at the same time, here’s how to do it.
To apply for an HDB flat, you’ll first need to check whether you fall under one of the three BTO eligibility schemes.
HDB Public Scheme
To qualify for this scheme, you’ll need to form a family nucleus with any of the following:
- Spouse, and children (if any)
- Parents, and siblings (if any)
- Children under your legal custody, care, and control (if widowed/divorced)
HDB Fiancé/Fiancée Scheme
Under this scheme, you’ll form a family nucleus with your spouse-to-be, and if you haven’t already done so, you’ll need to solemnise your marriage within three months of getting the keys to your HDB flat. HDB will require a photocopy of your marriage certificate.
If you’ve solemnised your marriage before collecting the keys, you can submit the photocopy when you visit the HDB sales office to get the keys.
If you’ve done it after key collection, then you’ll submit your marriage certificate to your managing HDB branch.
HDB Orphans Scheme
For this scheme, the HDB applicants are orphans and single, and cannot buy/rent HDB flats separately. Furthermore, one of the deceased parents must have been a Singapore Citizen or Permanent Resident.
What if I Don’t Fit Into Any of the Above Schemes?
Perhaps your spouse isn’t a Singapore Citizen or Permanent Resident, or you’re not planning to get married for a good while yet. There are a few other schemes that you might be eligible for, however, the choice of flats you’re limited to will be 2-room Flexi flats.
HDB Single Scheme (Single Singapore Citizen Scheme)
To qualify for the HDB Single Scheme, you’ll need to be:
- A Singapore Citizen
- A first-time homebuyer
- At least 35 years old
- Single (unmarried, divorced, or widowed)
HDB Non-Citizen Spouse Scheme
This scheme is applicable if you:
- Are a first-timer applicant
- Your spouse is neither a Singapore Citizen nor a Permanent Resident
- Your spouse must hold a valid Visit Pass or Work Pass at the time of your flat application
If you and your spouse have children from the marriage, and they are either a Singapore Citizen or Permanent Resident, you can apply for a flat under the Public Scheme instead.
Read more about buying a home together as a Singaporean-Foreigner couple and get more information on the Non-Citizen Spouse Scheme.
HDB Joint Singles Scheme
For those who don’t want to apply under the HDB Single Scheme because they wish to live with their friends or partner, go for the Joint Singles Scheme. Under this scheme, you and up to 3 other co-applicants can apply for a 2-room Flexi, provided all of you fulfil the following criteria:
- All of you must be Singapore Citizens
- Be at least 35 years of age
- Apply together as co-applicants
First-timer Versus Second-timer HDB Applicants
If you’re a first-time applicant, it means you’ve never received any form of housing subsidy or a similar benefit.
If your spouse is a second-timer, but you’re a first-timer, you’ll both enjoy first-timer benefits if you apply as a couple.
Here are the privileges for first-timer applicants when applying for HDB BTO flats, DBSS units, and ECs, respectively.
Privileges for First-Timer Applicants
|HDB BTO flat||
(depending which scheme you apply under)
Privileges for Second-Timer Applicants
|HDB BTO flat||
Income Ceiling for HDB BTO Eligibility
This is one of the most important criteria to be eligible for an HDB flat in Singapore. You’ll be pleased to know that if you wish to purchase a resale flat, there is no income ceiling cap you have to adhere to. However, to qualify for CPF Housing Grants and HDB housing loans, you cannot earn more than a certain amount.
Regarding the HDB BTO eligibility, if your household income each month exceeds the ceiling for the HDB flat you want to apply for, you won’t be able to purchase it, even if you fulfil the other criteria such as citizenship and family nucleus.
The monthly household income will include the income of all occupants you’ve listed in your HDB BTO flat application.
|4-room flat or larger||
|2-room Flexi flat||
Income Ceiling for Extended or Multi-Generation Families
If you’re applying for a flat with your extended family, say a 3Gen, the income ceilings are calculated slightly differently. It’s based on the combined income of 2 groups within your family.
|Household type||Income of Group A||Income of Group B|
|Parents with single children||Parents and 1 of the single children||Remaining single children|
|Parents with married children||Parents and remaining working children (if any)||The married children and their children (if any)|
An example calculation would look something like this:
You, your spouse, and your 3 working children want to buy a new flat. Individually, your average gross monthly income is:
- You: $5,000
- Your spouse: $6,000
- Child A: $4,000
- Child B: $3,000
- Child C: $2,000
|Income of Group A: Parents and 1 of the single children
Cannot exceed $14,000
|Income of Group B: Remaining single children
Cannot exceed $14,000
|Extended family income ceiling
Group A + Group B must not exceed $21,000
What Counts Towards My Household’s Monthly Income?
HDB takes into account the following types of income for assessment:
- Allowances (fixed/variable) received regularly (e.g. allowances for food, transport, laundry, uniform, etc.)
- Sustenance allowance
The following won’t be factored into your monthly household income:
- Alimony allowance
- Director’s fee
- Income from ad hoc overtime work
- Interest from deposit accounts
- National Service Allowance
- Rental income
- Scholarship overseas allowance
- Overseas cost of living allowance
What Are the HDB Loan Eligibility Criteria?
Most first-time homeowners will have to take out loans to pay for their flats and have the option to choose between an HDB loan or a bank loan. Should you be planning on taking a loan but are puzzled by the difficult bank jargon, approach one of our mortgage experts for help. They’ll provide you with their expert opinion and make the process smoother, all for free!
If you’re planning on taking out an HDB loan, you’ll first need to get an HDB Loan Eligibility (HLE) letter. The HDB loan eligibility requirements are as follows:
|Citizenship||At least 1 buyer is a Singapore Citizen|
|Income ceiling||Average gross monthly household income does not exceed:
Thereafter, you can check your HLE application status via HDB. How much you can get in the HDB loan will also depend on the flat’s remaining lease.
HDB Loan: How Much Can You Loan? What is the Loan Tenure?
|≥ 95 years||Allowed, but subject to:
Loan tenure is the shortest of:
|< 95 years||Allowed, but subject to:
Loan tenure is the shortest of:
Use our affordability calculator to get better estimates on how much you can afford and what your monthly instalments will be.
Bank Loans in Singapore
It’s easier to be eligible for a bank loan than an HDB loan. The method of assessment for BTO eligibility differs across each bank, but as long as you are financially stable and have a good credit score, your bank loan will likely be approved.
For bank loans in Singapore, your LTV value is up to 75% of property value, and you are required to put in a 25% downpayment, where at least 5% must be in cash. The rest (20%) of the downpayment can be paid with CPF OA Savings.
Are PRs Allowed to Buy HDB Flats?
If you’re a PR looking to buy an HDB flat, you can only buy resale ones, as you do not meet the BTO eligibility requirements on your own.
This means you can purchase an HDB resale flat only under the Public Scheme or the Fiancé/Fiancée Scheme. You can’t apply for the flat on your own and will need to have a family nucleus for the HDB application.
You’ll also need to meet these 4 main requirements:
- You must be at least 21 years of age
- You must have been a Permanent Resident for a minimum of 3 years.
- Upon purchasing the resale flat, you cannot sell the unit or lease it out entirely within the 5-year Minimum Occupation Period (MOP)
- You can’t own any private property locally or abroad. Any private property owned will have to be disposed of within 6 months of purchasing the HDB resale flat
- However, once the 5-year MOP has been fulfilled, you can acquire private property without having to sell the flat.
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